- Personality Disorders are mental illnesses characterized by persistent behavior, perception, and thinking patterns.
- Common types include Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), Avoidant Personality Disorder (APD), and more.
- Causes of personality disorders can include genetics, trauma, and environment.
- Treatment for personality disorders may involve psychotherapy, medication, and support from family or friends.
- It’s vital to seek help if you think you have a personality disorder to get the proper treatment.
Have you ever heard the term ‘personality disorder’? It’s a term used in psychiatry to describe a group of mental illnesses characterized by persistent behavior patterns, perception, and thinking. The time could sound quite daunting, but it’s essential to understand it better as some of these disorders are pretty standard. Here is some information you need to know about personality disorders, including what they are, the common types, their causes, and how to manage them
What are Personality Disorders?
Personality disorders are a group of mental health conditions characterized by difficulty functioning in social situations, often due to challenges with perceiving and relating to others. These disorders typically involve patterns of behavior, thoughts, and feelings that make it difficult for individuals with them to establish and maintain close relationships. People with personality disorders often have a distorted perception of themselves and others.
Types of Personality Disorders
There are various types of personality disorders, some being more dangerous than others. Here are some of them:
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
BPD is a personality disorder characterized by intense and unstable emotions, impulsive behaviors, and a pervasive fear of abandonment. Individuals with BPD often struggle with maintaining stable relationships, have a distorted sense of self, and experience feelings of emptiness. Some symptoms of BPD include self-harm, suicidal thoughts, and dissociation. The treatment for BPD usually involves psychotherapy, medication, and support.
This personality disorder is often known to be the most dangerous because it’s comorbid with eating disorders like bulimia nervosa. Those who have a combination of BPD and bulimia are at high risk for suicide. Because of this, these individuals are suggested to take a robust bulimia treatment program. The program covers lifestyle changes through nutrition, behavioral health, and counseling sessions. It also can treat the person’s BPD along the way.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)
NPD is a personality disorder that is all about self-view. Individuals with NPD often have difficulty accepting criticism or failure and may exploit others to meet their needs. Some symptoms of NPD include a tendency to belittle and demean others, a grandiose sense of entitlement, and a fragile self-image. Treatment for NPD can be complex, as individuals may not recognize their symptoms as problematic.
Avoidant Personality Disorder (APD)
APD is a personality disorder characterized by social isolation, anxiety, and extreme shyness. Individuals with APD often struggle with forming relationships or participating in social activities and may avoid social interaction situations. Some of the symptoms of APD include low self-esteem, fear of criticism or rejection, and a tendency to view oneself as awkward or inferior. Treatment for APD usually involves cognitive-behavioral therapy, social skills training, and medication.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)
OCPD is a personality disorder that is all about control. Individuals with OCPD often have difficulty relaxing, become preoccupied with details or rules, and become overly critical of themselves and others. People with OCPD have a fear of making mistakes, a tendency to put work or tasks before relationships, and a lack of flexibility.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD)
SPD is a personality disorder characterized by odd or eccentric thinking, behavior, and speech patterns. Individuals with SPD often have difficulty forming close relationships, may experience magical thinking, and may have unusual perceptions of reality. Some symptoms of SPD include a tendency to speak vaguely or cryptically, distrust of others, and engaging in odd or eccentric behaviors.
Living with Personality Disorders
It’s important to remember that personality disorders are not something to be ashamed of. With the right kind of help, individuals with personality disorders can learn how to manage their symptoms and live a more fulfilling life.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, medication, and support from family or friends can all play a role in helping someone cope with a personality disorder. If you think you may have a personality disorder, it’s essential to reach out for professional help. A licensed mental health professional can provide diagnosis and treatment options that fit your needs. With the right kind of support, finding healthier ways of thinking and behaving is possible so that you can better function in day-to-day life.
Personality disorders require serious attention, so don’t hesitate to talk to someone. With the right help, you can get the support you need to manage your disorder and have a better quality of life.